Carpal bones The bones of the wrist.
Carpal tunnel A passageway on the palm side of the wrist, made of tough connective tissue, through which the median nerve and tendons of the flexor muscles of the hand and fingers travel.
Carpal tunnel syndrome A condition where the median nerve is compressed or damaged as it passes through the carpel tunnel of the wrist. It is characterized by pain, numbness or tingling sensations in the hand as well as weakness of thumb opposition (drawing the pads of the thumb and little finger firmly together). It is the most commonly misdiagnosed form of repetitive strain injuries. Read more about carpal tunnel syndrome.
Cartilage Cartilage is the tough elastic material that covers the ends of bones, reducing friction in the joint. It is a connective tissue with a slippery surface which allows the joint to remain flexible and to act as a shock absorber when you put weight on the joint. Excessive tension in the muscles surrounding a joint can restrict the motion of the joint, and put undue pressure on the joint cartilage leading to premature wear. The best plan for maintaining healthy cartilage includes flexibility exercises. Read more about the benefits of preventative exercises.
Cerebellum The portion of the brain in the lower back part of the head between the cerebrum and the brain stem. It is a relatively large structure consisting of 2 halves (hemispheres). It is mainly responsible for the coordination of movement and balance.
Chiropractic A complimentary health care profession that focuses on diagnosing and treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Practitioners work with bones, muscles, and connective tissue, using their hands to 'adjust'; treating abnormalities of structure and function. They use "short lever techniques" which focus on the precise bio-mechanics of individual joints.
Chronic A condition which has been experienced over a long period of time.
Constitutional This is a term used when a medical condition is due to an aspect of a person's physical or physiological make-up rather than associated with an occupational injury. Due to their make-up they may be more prone to being afflicted with certain conditions.
Consultant A person who gives medical advice or services for a fee. Consultants are specialists in a branch of medicine.
Cubital Tunnel It is a channel that allows the ulnar nerve to travel behind the elbow, along the arm to the hand. Bumping the "funny bone" (ulnar nerve) often produces an intense but short lived tingling sensation. This is a very exposed area for the nerve.
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome Chronic compression of the ulnar nerve is known as Cubital Tunnel Syndrome. It can result in a variety of symptoms, including pain, swelling, weakness or clumsiness of the hand and tingling or numbness of the ring and little finger.
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